From History Today, January 2012
Each month we recommend a work of history recently published in paperback. We discuss the book with its author and invite readers to contribute to the dialogue on our website. The History Today Book Club recommendation for January is Courtiers; The Secret History of Kensington Palace (Faber & Faber) by Lucy Worsley, who also wrote and presented the recent BBC TV series, If Walls Could Talk, An Intimate History of the Home. Here the author discusses her work with Paul Lay.
What inspired you to write Courtiers?
I work as the chief curator at Kensington Palace and would often find myself walking up the King’s Grand Staircase there and wondering about the identities of the 45 people painted on its walls. William Kent in the 1720s decorated the staircase with a group portrait of servants from the lower ranks of the royal household. I used to hear all sorts of stories about who was who and finally decided to work it out as definitively as possible. Four years later, the result was Courtiers.
The King’s Grand Staircase boasts an extraordinary cast of characters, crossing class boundaries. How did you go about researching the lives of the more obscure?
Well, even if the duties of royal servants are menial and their official status low, they can still sometimes wield enormous power. Take Muhammad, for example, George I’s Turkish valet. He helped the king to dress – he even treated the royal haemorrhoids – and because of his access he was said to be as important as a government minister. Consequently he appears often in the written sources, had his portrait painted, even left his own memoirs. Others were harder to track down, but that’s the kind of challenge I like, restoring minor figures who’ve been neglected from the official story.
This was a time of relative decline in the power of the Crown. Yet George I and George II still wielded political power. How did this manifest itself?
Of course the main event in political history in the 18th century is the rise of Parliament. But George I and George II still had the ultimate power of appointing their ministers. Although German, they and particularly Queen Caroline were much more engaged with British culture (and spoke English better) than many people assume today. So politicians continued to put in the hours necessary to succeed at court, where their status was expressed through the seemingly trivial details of seating, dress and body language.
Among the most extraordinary characters is Peter the Wild Boy. Can you tell us about him and how much can be said for certain about his life?
Peter the Wild Boy was a feral child discovered all alone in the woods near Hanover. He was brought to court as a kind of pet, never learnt to speak and was, and is, a bit of a mystery. His lonely life and the cruelty with which he was treated are very moving. His distinctive facial features have convinced modern doctors that he was suffering from Pitt Hopkins Syndrome, an autistic condition with learning difficulties. Georgian London became obsessed with solving the riddle of who Peter was. The big brains of the Enlightenment used him to ask big questions: ‘Is this boy an animal? If he has no speech, does he have a soul? What does it mean to be a human being?’
The structure of Courtiers is a complex one. How did you arrive at it and do you always have a wider public in mind?
My main job as a curator is to try to get people interested in history, to visit our palaces, to enjoy themselves and to learn something, too. I try to do the same with my books, to entertain as well as to inform. I imagined Courtiers as the king of history you can lose yourself in, the sort of book I myself like to devour while on holiday. The structure of a group biography is always tricky, so I planned it all out with a big chart. I also found Robert McKee’s principles of storytelling really helpful and as relevant to history as fiction.
You have a job that many people would envy. Tell us about a typical day at the Historic Royal Palaces, if there is such a thing? And what projects are you working on now?
The other day I was poking around at Hampton Court, which also comes under our remit, trying to work out the exact route a royal mistress would have taken to pay a private visit to the king and a colleague and I happened to discuss how lucky we are to get paid for spending our time like this! As curators we devise new exhibitions, make acquisitions to the collection, carry out research, of course, and constantly talk to people about what we’ve discovered (whether through guided tours or on television). At the moment we’re putting the final touches to the new displays at Kensington Palace and I’m filming a new series about the mistresses of Charles II.
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© 2013 Lucy Worsley